Installation

Recommended Set-up for each individual Cubicles.

To give suitable stability, posts should be concreted approximately 400mm into ground. Refer to individual cubicle installation drawings for further dimensions.
Set measurment (A) and (B) for the specified cubicle length from the heelstone end of the cubicle bed. These are the two main points for the cubicle set-up.
Once measurements (A) and (B) have been set-up correctly this will determine the two measurements (C) and (D).
Bed length (E), Cubicle length (F) and headrail measuments (G) will vary depending on which cubicle set-up is used.

Post Centre Formula
Post Centres (H) = Cubicle Centres (K) multiplied by 2.5.
Post Offset (J) = Post Centres (H) divided by 10.

To calculate the cubicle centres (K), divide the length of the longest continual cubicle row (usually the wall row) equally, ensuring that clear gap for the end and intermediates spaces match. Cubicle centres should typically range from 1100 to 1150.

cubicle 45

   Points to think about.

  • The ideal distance from rear of the cubicle to the heelstone (B) is 250mm (150 to 350).
  • The bed pitch (excluding sand beds) should be 2.5 (2 to 3 range). This equates to approximately 45mm per 1000mm (or 1/2 inch per foot).
  • The height of the heelstone should be between 150mm and 200mm. The final height will be dictated by method of slurry removal.
  • When using Ultima cubicles with mattresses, consider positioning the headrail on top of the cubicles for larger animals. As a result, dimension (G) will need to increase to compensate for this additional height.
  • For larger pedigree Holstein and dry cows, 1150 to 1200 cubicle centres may be better suited.

 

Cubicle End Concrete Panel Support Posts

Concrete panels are a low maintenance, hygienic and substantial method to finish the cubicle runs at crossover passageways. IAE can supply from stock 100 x 100 x 2135mm long concrete panel support posts, suitable for single or head to head runs. Simply attach a 1500mm high concrete panel using panel clips (supplied by others) Posts to support timber ends and sheeted panel ends with posts are also available upon request.

Dairy House Design - 2 Row

Dimension A: Wall Row Bed Length. The dimension should be a minimum of 2700. Using large stock 2100 cubicles (Supreme, Ultima), this allows sufficient lunging space for the cow.
Dimension B: Cubicle Passage Width. This dimension should be a minimum of 3000. The ideal measurement would be 3600; this allows the cow unrestricted access on and off cubicle beds either sides of the passageway.
Dimension C: Middle Row Bed Width. Using IAE's large stock cubicle this dimension will need to be 2500. However, the minimum recommendation is 2400. If this is the case use a 2000 cubicle.
Dimension D: Cross Over Pass. This measurement should be equal to 4 cubicle spaces. This typically allows enough space for water, cow brush and sufficient passing space whilst a cow is drinking. Where there is water only (no cow brush) the minimum accepted is 3 cow spaces.
Dimension E: Feed Stance/Loafing area. The dimension should be a minimum of 4600mm. This typically allows for two way traffic behind the feeding cattle.

Ultima 1903528

   Points to think about.

  • Allow 5% more spaces than cows, overstocking can have a negative impact on cow welfare and milk yield.
  • Allow for cross over passages every 20 cow spaces, recommendations suggest no more than 25 spaces.
  • Wall rows (Dimension A) could be 3000mm to give cows un-obstructed visual lunge space.
  • One cubicle size does not fit all cows. These design guidelines are typically based on an 800kg dairy cow.

 

 

Ultima 1895330

Dairy House Design - 3 Row

Dimension A: Wall Row Bed Length. The dimension should be a minimum of 2700. Using large stock 2100 cubicles (Supreme, Ultima), this allows sufficient lunging space for the cow.
Dimension B: Cubicle Passage Width. This dimension should be a minimum of 3000. The ideal measurement would be 3600; this allows the cow unrestricted access on and off cubicle beds either sides of the passageway.
Dimension C: Middle Row Bed Width. The accepted head to head bed length is 4800. Using large stock 2100 cubicles (Supreme, Ultima), this allows sufficient lunging space for the cow. Larger head to head beds are frequently discussed in cubicle house design and consideration should be given to increasing lounging space. For more information on the design solutions for larger beds please contact us.
Dimension D: Cross Over Pass. This measurement should be equal to 4 cubicle spaces. This typically allows enough space for water, cow brush and sufficient passing space whilst a cow is drinking. Where there is water only (no cow brush) the minimum accepted is 3 cow spaces.
Dimension E: Feed Stance/Loafing area. The dimension should be a minimum of 5200mm. This typically allows for two way traffic behind the feeding cattle, or unrestricted access on and off cubicle bed behind feeding cattle.

   Points to think about.

  • Consideration needs to be given to keeping cows from lying in cubicles for the first 30 minutes after milking to help manage environmental mastitis. This can easily be achieved in a two row system by positioning an IAE up and over gate at the cross over points and thereby only allowing access to the Feed Stance/Loafing area and water. In a three row system this is not easily achieved whilst still allowing access to food and water.
  • In a two row system there is a direct correlation between the number of cubicle spaces and the feed space allowance per cow. However in a three row system this is not the case and up to 30% of the cows will not have free access to food, especially when fresh food is initially available.

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